The Moravian Church is the oldest Protestant denomination, serving Christ since 1457. The church originated as the Unitas Fratrum (Unity of the Brethren) after the Czech priest John Hus was burned at the stake for his revolt against the Catholic Church. It was driven underground in the early 1600s and renewed in the 1720s in Germany by refugees from Moravia and Bohemia. From there, missionaries went out to serve in diverse places and among many races.
Although small in number, only about 700,000 throughout the world, the Moravians are truly an international congregation, with churches in North America, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Europe, and with specialized ministries in Palestine and India. North American Moravians make up less than 10 percent of its total membership; three out of five Moravians worldwide live in Tanzania and South Africa. Approximately four of every five Moravians worldwide are black. We with white skin and middle-class lifestyles are very much a minority.
Our faith identity is as Christians, as followers of Christ who happen to be affiliated with the Moravian Church as a way of being Christian. We are Christians first, not Moravians first. In the midst of political, economic, cultural and racial diversity, the worldwide Moravian Church embodies the vision of Paul expressed in his letter: “You are not foreigners or strangers any longer; you are now fellow citizens with God’s people and members of the Family of God” (Ephesians 2:19 TEV).
(from “The Moravian Church is…” by the Moravian Church in North America)